What is the history of knowledge? This engaging and accessible introduction explains what is distinctive about the new field of the history of knowledge (or, as some scholars say, ´knowledges in the plural´) and how it differs from the history of science, intellectual history, the sociology of knowledge or from cultural history. Leading cultural historian, Peter Burke, draws upon examples of this new kind of history from different periods and from the history of India, East Asia and the Islamic world as well as from Europe and the Americas. He discusses some of the main concepts used by scholars working in the field, among them ´order of knowledge´, ´situated knowledge´ and ´knowledge society´. This book tells the story of the transformation of relatively raw ´information´ into knowledge via processes of classification, verification and so on, the dissemination of this knowledge and finally its employment for different purposes, by governments, corporations or private individuals. A concluding chapter identifies central problems in the history of knowledge, from triumphalism to relativism, together with attempts to solve them. The only book of its kind yet to be published, What is the History of Knowledge? will be essential reading for all students of history and the humanities in general, as well as the interested general reader.
The Globalization of Knowledge in History:Max Planck Research Library for the History and Development ofKnowledge - Studies 1 Max-Planck-Gesellschaft Edition Open Access (EOA). 1., Auflage
In this book Peter Burke adopts a socio-cultural approach to examine the changes in the organization of knowledge in Europe from the invention of printing to the publication of the French Encyclopedie.
This book offers the first comprehensive examination of the work of Bolivian political thinker René Zavaleta (1939-84), whose ideas were a key influence on many of the indigenous activists and ideologues who have transformed Bolivian politics and economics in recent years. Luis Tapia, a political analyst who has worked closely with many of the central figures in today´s Bolivian government, presents a detailed panorama of Bolivian history that sets Zavaleta´s analyses in context and helps readers and activists alike understand the history and ideological currents that underpinned the rise of the neo-indigenous movement in the twenty-first century. ´´Tapia is the greatest scholar of the work of his countryman.´´--Jaime Ortega Reyna, SciELO México
Knowledge, Politics and the History of Education:
Multilingualism and History of Knowledge:Vol. I: Buddhism among the Iranian Peoples of Central Asia
The history of computing could be told as the story of hardware and software or the story of the Internet or the story of ´´smart´´ handheld devices, with subplots involving IBM, Microsoft, Apple, Facebook, and Twitter. In this concise and accessible account of the invention and development of digital technology, computer historian Paul Ceruzzi offers a broader and more useful perspective. He identifies four major threads that run throughout all of computing´s technological development: digitization - the coding of information, computation, and control in binary form, ones and zeros; the convergence of multiple streams of techniques, devices, and machines, yielding more than the sum of their parts; the steady advance of electronic technology, as characterized famously by ´´Moore´s Law´´; and the human-machine interface. Ceruzzi guides us through computing history, telling how a Bell Labs mathematician coined the word digital in 1942 (to describe a high-speed method of calculating used in antiaircraft devices) and recounting the development of the punch card (for use in the 1890 US Census). He describes the ENIAC, built for scientific and military applications; the UNIVAC, the first general purpose computer; and ARPANET, the Internet´s precursor. Ceruzzi´s account traces the world-changing evolution of the computer from a room-size ensemble of machinery to a ´´minicomputer´´ to a desktop computer to a pocket-sized smartphone. He describes the development of the silicon chip, which could store ever-increasing amounts of data and enabled ever-decreasing device size. He visits that hotbed of innovation, Silicon Valley, and brings the story up to the present with the Internet, the World Wide Web, and social networking. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Tim Andres Pabon. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/gdan/001762/bk_gdan_001762_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
Educational Experience as Lived: Knowledge, History, Alterity:The Selected Works of William F. Pinar William F. Pinar
What is the History of Knowledge?: Peter Burke