Human reasoning is remarkably shallow - in fact, our thinking and justifications just scratch the surface of the true complexity of the issues we deal with. The ability to think may still be the greatest wonder, but the way that individuals think is less than ideal. Sloman and Fernbach show that our intelligence resides not in individual brains but in the collective mind.
Change the way you see the world with a groundbreaking visual approach to the wonders of our planet. From Viking raiders and Samurai warriors to robotics and chemical reactions, amazing animals, the human body, the marvels of history, and more are visualized in incredible detail, inside and out, providing a mind-blowing introduction to every aspect of human knowledge. You´ll find yourself utterly absorbed as complex subjects become clear through engaging explanations, incredible illustrations, phenomenal photographs and jaw-dropping 3D images. This fully updated edition of Knowledge Encyclopedia will continue to fascinate young readers with its microscopic detail and amazing facts on tons of topics. Explore the universe, from the inside of an atom to enormous galaxies, then discover the explosive science behind a fireworks display. Take a look at what makes the human brain so special and find out how our bodies cells make energy. Journey through history from the earliest life forms to our hairiest ancestors and then right up to our world today.
What is the history of knowledge? This engaging and accessible introduction explains what is distinctive about the new field of the history of knowledge (or, as some scholars say, ´knowledges in the plural´) and how it differs from the history of science, intellectual history, the sociology of knowledge or from cultural history. Leading cultural historian, Peter Burke, draws upon examples of this new kind of history from different periods and from the history of India, East Asia and the Islamic world as well as from Europe and the Americas. He discusses some of the main concepts used by scholars working in the field, among them ´order of knowledge´, ´situated knowledge´ and ´knowledge society´. This book tells the story of the transformation of relatively raw ´information´ into knowledge via processes of classification, verification and so on, the dissemination of this knowledge and finally its employment for different purposes, by governments, corporations or private individuals. A concluding chapter identifies central problems in the history of knowledge, from triumphalism to relativism, together with attempts to solve them. The only book of its kind yet to be published, What is the History of Knowledge? will be essential reading for all students of history and the humanities in general, as well as the interested general reader.
Knowledge Society vs. Knowledge Economy:Knowledge, Power, and Politics Issues in Higher Education. Auflage 2007
Just in time for the death of the print industry as we know it comes the final book ever published, and the only one readers will ever need: ´´The Onion´´´s compendium of all things known. Replete with an astonishing assemblage of facts, illustrations, maps, charts, threats, blood, and additional fees to edify even the most simple-minded book-buyer.
The movement of the ideas of Euclid, Galen and Ptolemy across the centuries and the cities of the world - at fragile and halting speed until reaching the printing presses of Venice - gets tracked and mapped in this evocative work of history, enlivened by a particularly vibrant cast of characters.
What is epistemology or ´´the theory of knowledge?´´ What is it really about? Why does it matter? What makes theorizing about knowledge ´´philosophical?´´ Why do some philosophers argue that epistemology--perhaps even philosophy itself--is dead? In this succinct, exciting, and original introduction to epistemology, Michael Williams explains and criticizes philosophical theories of the nature, limits, methods, possibility, and value of knowing. A coherent and progressive text, Problems of Knowledge covers both traditional and contemporary approaches to the subject, including foundationalism, the coherence theory, and ´´naturalistic´´ theories. As an alternative to these perspectives, Williams defends his own distinctive contextualist approach. Problems of Knowledge provides clear and engaging explanations of the theory of knowledge and why it matters, offering an excellent foundation for students in introductory epistemology courses.
Michel Foucault has become famous for a series of books that have permanently altered our understanding of many institutions of Western society. He analyzed mental institutions in the remarkable Madness and Civilization; hospitals in The Birth of the Clinic; prisons in Discipline and Punish; and schools and families in The History of Sexuality. But the general reader as well as the specialist is apt to miss the consistent purposes that lay behind these difficult individual studies, thus losing sight of the broad social vision and political aims that unified them. Now, in this superb set of essays and interviews, Foucault has provided a much-needed guide to Foucault. These pieces, ranging over the entire spectrum of his concerns, enabled Foucault, in his most intimate and accessible voice, to interpret the conclusions of his research in each area and to demonstrate the contribution of each to the magnificent -- and terrifying -- portrait of society that he was patiently compiling. For, as Foucault shows, what he was always describing was the nature of power in society; not the conventional treatment of power that concentrates on powerful individuals and repressive institutions, but the much more pervasive and insidious mechanisms by which power ´´reaches into the very grain of individuals, touches their bodies and inserts itself into their actions and attitudes, their discourses, learning processes and everyday lives´´ Foucault´s investigations of prisons, schools, barracks, hospitals, factories, cities, lodgings, families, and other organized forms of social life are each a segment of one of the most astonishing intellectual enterprises of all time -- and, as this book proves, one which possesses profound implications for understanding the social control of our bodies and our minds.
Knowledge and its Limits presents a systematic new conception of knowledge as a kind of mental stage sensitive to the knower´s environment. It makes a major contribution to the debate between externalist and internalist philosophies of mind, and breaks radically with the epistemological tradition of analyzing knowledge in terms of true belief. The theory casts new light on such philosophical problems as scepticism, evidence, probability and assertion, realism and anti-realism, and the limits of what can be known. The arguments are illustrated by rigorous models based on epistemic logic and probability theory. The result is a new way of doing epistemology and a notable contribution to the philosophy of mind.