The idea that science is just one more way of knowing the world and that there are other, radically different, yet equally valid ways, has taken deep root in academia. In Fear of Knowledge, Paul Boghossian tears these relativist theories of knowledge to shreds. He argues forcefully for the intuitive, common-sense view--that the world exists independent of human opinion and that there is a way to arrive at beliefs about the world that are objectively reasonable to anyone capable of appreciating the relevant evidence, regardless of their social or cultural perspective. This short, lucid, witty book shows that philosophy provides rock-solid support for common sense against the relativists; it is provocative reading throughout the discipline and beyond.
Knowledge Engineering and Knowledge Management:19th International Conference, EKAW 2014, Linköping, Sweden, November 24-28, 2014, Proceedings. Auflage 2014
Change the way you see the world with a groundbreaking visual approach to the wonders of our planet. From Viking raiders and Samurai warriors to robotics and chemical reactions, amazing animals, the human body, the marvels of history, and more are visualized in incredible detail, inside and out, providing a mind-blowing introduction to every aspect of human knowledge. You´ll find yourself utterly absorbed as complex subjects become clear through engaging explanations, incredible illustrations, phenomenal photographs and jaw-dropping 3D images. This fully updated edition of Knowledge Encyclopedia will continue to fascinate young readers with its microscopic detail and amazing facts on tons of topics. Explore the universe, from the inside of an atom to enormous galaxies, then discover the explosive science behind a fireworks display. Take a look at what makes the human brain so special and find out how our bodies cells make energy. Journey through history from the earliest life forms to our hairiest ancestors and then right up to our world today.
What is the history of knowledge? This engaging and accessible introduction explains what is distinctive about the new field of the history of knowledge (or, as some scholars say, ´knowledges in the plural´) and how it differs from the history of science, intellectual history, the sociology of knowledge or from cultural history. Leading cultural historian, Peter Burke, draws upon examples of this new kind of history from different periods and from the history of India, East Asia and the Islamic world as well as from Europe and the Americas. He discusses some of the main concepts used by scholars working in the field, among them ´order of knowledge´, ´situated knowledge´ and ´knowledge society´. This book tells the story of the transformation of relatively raw ´information´ into knowledge via processes of classification, verification and so on, the dissemination of this knowledge and finally its employment for different purposes, by governments, corporations or private individuals. A concluding chapter identifies central problems in the history of knowledge, from triumphalism to relativism, together with attempts to solve them. The only book of its kind yet to be published, What is the History of Knowledge? will be essential reading for all students of history and the humanities in general, as well as the interested general reader.
Knowledge and Knowledge Systems:Learning from the Wonders of the Mind Eliezer Geisler
What is epistemology or ´´the theory of knowledge?´´ What is it really about? Why does it matter? What makes theorizing about knowledge ´´philosophical?´´ Why do some philosophers argue that epistemology--perhaps even philosophy itself--is dead? In this succinct, exciting, and original introduction to epistemology, Michael Williams explains and criticizes philosophical theories of the nature, limits, methods, possibility, and value of knowing. A coherent and progressive text, Problems of Knowledge covers both traditional and contemporary approaches to the subject, including foundationalism, the coherence theory, and ´´naturalistic´´ theories. As an alternative to these perspectives, Williams defends his own distinctive contextualist approach. Problems of Knowledge provides clear and engaging explanations of the theory of knowledge and why it matters, offering an excellent foundation for students in introductory epistemology courses.
Madness, sexuality, power, knowledge-are these facts of life or simply parts of speech? In a series of works of astonishing brilliance, historian Michel Foucault excavated the hidden assumptions that govern the way we live and the way we think. The Archaeology of Knowledge begins at the level of ´´things aid´´ and moves quickly to illuminate the connections between knowledge, language, and action in a style at once profound and personal. A summing up of Foucault´s own methodological assumptions, this book is also a first step toward a genealogy of the way we live now. Challenging, at times infuriating, it is an absolutely indispensable guide to one of the most innovative thinkers of our time.
Dimensions of Knowledge: Facets for Knowledge Organization:Knowledge Organization Research Group, School of Information Studies, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee